Aiot intelligent hardware application: Home / security / commercial office / automobile multipoint flowering

liu, tempo Date: 2021-09-24 09:57:05
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The aiot home market is growing fastest, the commercial market is the largest, and the automobile market still has development potential. According to the data, by the end of 2018, the number of global networked devices has reached 22 billion, and it is expected that 38.6 billion devices will be networked by 2025 and 50 billion by 2030. The enterprise Internet of things is the largest market segment; Smart home is the fastest-growing field, which mainly lies in the continuous iteration of products, the rapid improvement of user experience, the superposition of consumption upgrading, and the rapid growth of smart home equipment.


Smart home: the entrance of TV & Speaker continues to penetrate, and there is great room for the growth of functional smart appliances


Smart speakers continue to penetrate as the interactive entrance of aiot, and large / small smart appliances (lighting, sweeping robot, electric rice cooker, empty ice washing, etc.) with driving functions have entered a rapid growth period. Aiot technology is mature to improve user experience, and smart appliances start a new round of demand growth. In 2021, the development of smart appliances will enter a period of rapid growth, and the upgrading speed of products will increase significantly.


According to the forecast of statista data, the global smart home appliance market will reach US $25 billion in 2021, with a compound growth rate of 16.5% in the next three years. It is expected that the global smart home appliance market will reach US $39.63 billion in 2023. According to the data of China business intelligence network, in 2019, the global market scale of large household appliances reached 328.9 billion US dollars. Measured by the market scale of 25 billion intelligent household appliances, the current proportion is less than 8%; In addition, compared with the industry growth rate of 3% in the global home appliance market, smart home appliances are growing rapidly, and its market space is very broad.


In depth research on aiot chip industry: intelligent technology supporting is mature and will grow rapidly in the next decade

Large household appliances: air / Ice / wash, AI high added value, enhance brand upgrading intention


In depth research on aiot chip industry: intelligent technology supporting is mature and will grow rapidly in the next decade


In addition to the automatic temperature control function of intelligent air conditioner, SOC is added to realize AI speech recognition module. Compared with traditional air conditioners, intelligent air conditioners have the functions of automatic identification, adjustment and control, detect outdoor climate, indoor temperature and humidity, transmit the signals collected by the sensors to the main control chip for analysis and calculation, and adjust the temperature and humidity according to the analysis results.


In addition, communication modules are configured for remote control through mobile phones, Simple on-off and temperature regulation can be realized through app. Taking TCL soft air conditioner as an example, on the basis of intelligent temperature control, it is equipped with somatosensory radar, which can better control the indoor temperature difference on the one hand; On the other hand, the radar can intelligently conduct wind guidance control and personalized soft wind.


Smart refrigerator is introduced into smart screen, and SOC is added to realize image recognition technology and AI interaction technology. At present, smart refrigerator mainly realizes interaction by embedding smart screen, so it includes voice and video modules; Generally, the smart refrigerator is equipped with a touch screen with Wi Fi networking capability, which can provide functions such as managing food ingredients, finding and displaying recipes, recommending purchase lists, providing video and entertainment, etc.


Internal food material management is mainly to install cameras and sensors inside to obtain relevant pictures for identification, so as to achieve the function of food material management; In addition, when it is inconvenient to touch the screen in the kitchen, it will bring users a more intelligent and smooth use experience through external camera and gesture control technology. Smart refrigerators usually have more sensors than ordinary refrigerators in structure, and they are usually equipped with LCD for human-computer interaction. Refrigerator has frequent human-computer interaction.


 aiot home


Compared with other white electricity, refrigerator has natural advantages. In the future, smart refrigerator will become the core terminal of kitchen economy and an important entrance to smart home; However, at present, the smart refrigerator has not been popularized. The core reason lies in the platform integration. The main application scenario is that it hopes to directly connect to the background e-commerce through display control, so it needs to become a continuous data provider.


The intelligent washing machine adds remote control, AI diagnosis, automatic cleaning and other functions. In order to realize the corresponding functions, the intelligent washing machine launched by the head enterprise chooses to add WiFi module and AI control module to the intelligent terminal.


Small household appliances: speakers & floor sweeping robots have become popular, and other categories continue to develop


Small household appliances are the most flexible application field in smart home. In 2019, it is estimated that the global sales of small household appliances will be $104.4 billion. In 2021, statista expects the annual market revenue of small household appliances to reach $216.4 billion, with an annual compound growth rate of 44%. The rapid growth of the small household appliance market is mainly due to its flexible and diverse characteristics and clear functions.


At present, smart small household appliances are committed to the direction of reservation operation and state feedback, and more emphasis is placed on the interactive experience with users. In recent years, the product sales in each segment of China’s smart small household appliances have shown a continuous upward development trend. Smart speakers and floor sweeping robots in small household appliances pay more attention to user experience and human-computer interaction, and have high requirements for AI algorithm. Therefore, under the background of gradual improvement of algorithm model and computing power, they will accelerate the penetration in end users.


Smart speakers are the core control access port of smart home, with a global sales volume of about 160 million units. Smart speakers refer to intelligent terminal products with intelligent voice interaction system, accessible content services and Internet services, and can be associated with more devices to realize scene smart home control. The intelligent speaker integrates the processing ability of artificial intelligence and can complete voice interaction through speech recognition, speech synthesis, semantic understanding and other technologies. According to the data, the global shipment of smart speakers will reach 135 million units in 2020, and it is expected that the shipment will reach 163 million units in 2021, with a year-on-year increase of 21%.


The intelligent speaker adopts the main control SOC to realize the voice algorithm, and the outsourcing communication module is interconnected. The main control chip of smart speaker SOC needs voice recognition interaction, so audio related IP is the core module of smart speaker SOC; At present, there are also smart speakers with screens on the market.


According to IDC data, they account for about 35.5% of the overall smart speakers. In addition to voice recognition modules, this type of speakers also need video related IP, so SOC integrated modules are more abundant. As an important control access port of aiot, smart speakers have a broad scene of one machine for one household. With the increasingly mature human-computer interaction ability of smart speakers, they continue to promote the development of the smart home market.


The sweeping robot adopts SOC to integrate various AI algorithm modules, and MCU is used as a simple control chip. MCU mainly controls simple control operations such as forward and backward of sweeping robot. The algorithm core needs to rely on SOC integrated AI algorithm IP. With the continuous innovation and development of sensor technology, the third generation of sweeping robot products have slam, that is, the ability of navigation and mapping and global planning, mainly sweeping robot products based on LDS laser ranging sensor and sweeping robot products based on machine vision; In addition to the need for more sensors to collect data, the core is to calculate in SoC; Therefore, the improvement of SOC’s computing power and the innovation of primary technology are the key to improve the user experience of sweeping robot, which is also the key to the continuous breakthrough and penetration of sweeping robot market.


Security: Industry and consumer are in parallel, and AI cameras improve application functions


AI camera: improve face recognition, abnormal behavior detection and other functions


Security has become the focus of urban construction and management for many years. Intelligent security can greatly improve urban management efficiency and safety management level. Intelligent devices represented by security cameras are widely used in security.


In depth research on aiot chip industry: intelligent technology supporting is mature and will grow rapidly in the next decade


In video surveillance cameras, ISP is an important image processing module and IPC is an important SOC chip. The main function of ISP is to process the image collected by the image sensor to restore and enhance the image. The processed image can be directly displayed or stored and compressed; Therefore, the imaging quality of video surveillance camera is mainly controlled by ISP. The built-in module of ISP includes main controller, image processing components, internal and external interfaces, etc. IPC integrates more modules on the basis of ISP, and has higher computing power and functional modules per unit area of the chip; IPC usually integrates CPU, ISP, video and audio coding, network interface, security encryption and other modules.


At present, the video surveillance network camera generally adopts IPC SOC chip. Firstly, the video surveillance camera collects the image through the sensor and processes the image through the IPC SOC. The IPC SOC includes ISP and video coding module. After being processed by the ISP module, it is sent to the video coding module for compression. The compressed video and audio code stream is transmitted to the back-end NVR through network cable or wireless link. The NVR receives, processes and stores the video and audio data. When backtracking is required in the later stage, the stored video and audio data can be called out for retrieval and playback. At present, IPC is developing towards high definition and intelligence, so AI modules will also be integrated in IPC, such as face recognition and tracking, abnormal behavior detection and other applications.


Intelligent doorbell & door lock: the safety is higher than that of traditional mechanical lock

At present, smart door lock solutions include WiFi, ZigBee, Bluetooth, Nb lot and other different communication modes. The core of intelligent door lock is networking. Therefore, different application scenarios of intelligent door lock are distinguished from communication mode. The core is that the technical threshold is low and can be iterated quickly.


At present, the main trend is WiFi scheme, which has the characteristics of real-time control and low cost; With the gradual increase of smart home penetration, the demand for entry-level networking devices in smart home will also gradually increase. In addition to communication, the intelligent door lock has high requirements for low power consumption and security. Therefore, the requirements for the main control chip include low power consumption, good encryption, high security level and low cost.

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