Rodney Brooks– From rebellion to reform
Rodney Brooks(born 1954) is versatile and funny. In the 1980s, he broke into THE field of AI, questioning established opinion and offering his own maverick view of how robotic systems should be built. Over the years, he became a renowned AI leader, scholar, and prophet. He received a BACHELOR’s degree in theoretical mathematics from Flinders University in Australia and, in 1981, a PhD in computer science from Stanford University, holding research positions at Carnegie Mellon University and MIT.
Prior to joining MIT, He held a professorship at Stanford University in 1984. He built his reputation on his work with robots and artificial life. He further diversified his career through films, books and entrepreneurial activities, and he founded several companies, including Lucid(1984), IROBOT(1990)). At IROBOT, he designed the Roomba and its attendant artificial organisms (1991) to commercial success. He is the Matsushita Professor of Robotics at MIT and director of the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. The robots he designs and builds find a market in both industry and the military. In 2008, he founded Heartland robotics, whose mission is to bring a new generation of robots to market to increase productivity in manufacturing environments. “Heartland’s goal is to bring robots to places that have not been automated before so that manufacturers can be more efficient, workers can be more productive, and jobs can be saved from moving to lower-cost areas.”
Hans J. Berliner
In the early 1970s, Dr. Hans Berliner (1966-1969), the world communications chess champion, proposed the concept of horizon effect.
Hans J. Berliner(born 1929) made significant contributions to chess games and advanced game programming. He received his doctorate in 1969 from Carnegie Mellon University, where he was a research professor of computer science. From 1965 to 1968, Berliner was the world Communications Chess Champion, and in addition to developing the world’s first senior master chess program at Hitech (1985), he also developed the strong program for backgammon in 1979.
Monty Typhotyphoi (born 1937) was one of the pioneers of computerized chess, developing OSTRICH, one of the earliest multiprocessor programs, and organizing the North American and World computerized chess championships beginning in 1970. He was also a co-founder of the International Chess Association (ICCA) in 1977. From 1976 to 1983, he was dean of the School of Computer Science at McGill University. He was the chief organizer of Kasparov’s 1996 match against Deep Blue. He is also the author of several books on computer Chinese chess and theorem proving. In retirement, he enjoyed making beautiful stained glass lamps and was one of Quebec’s top senior tennis players.
DavidLevy and Jaap Van Den Herik
David Levy(born 1945) is one of the most prolific figures in the field of computer chess and computer games. He is a chess grandmaster, academic, author of more than 30 books, and an internationally recognized leader in artificial intelligence. Levy advanced research in the field of computer chess, famously betting with three computer science professors in 1968 that no program could beat him at the game. He won several races in which D. K. was his support, but Deep Thought beat him 4-0 in 1989. Like D. K., Levy was a student and friend of Donald Michie.
He published the popular Robots Unlimited (2005) and Love and Sex with Robots (2007).
Jaap van den Herik(born 1947) is a professor of computer Science at Maastricht University. In 2008, he became the leader of the Tilberg Center for Creative Computing. Professor Herik actively led and edited the ICCA Journal, which eventually became the International Computer Games Association Journal.
He has numerous scientific publications in these and other fields since 1988 and has served as dean of law and Computing at Leiden University.
Kenneth Thompson(born 1943) is one of the pre-eminent American pioneers in computer science. His achievements include developing the B programming language. In 1969, he and Dennis Ritchie used the language to write the UNIX operating system, which led to C. In computer chess, he developed the program BELLE at Bell LABS using specialized hardware he had been working on for many years. BELLE won the computer chess Championship in 1980 and became the first master computer chess program in 1982. Thompson is also known for developing a database of chess endgames, a major contribution to the chess knowledge base.
Thompson and Ritchie won several honors for their pioneering work on the UNIX operating system, Including IEEE Richard W. Hamming Medal(1990), Senior Member of the Museum of Computer History (1997), National Medal of Technology awarded by Bill Clinton, 1999) and the Japan Prize (2011). In 1999, Thompson received the first Tsutomi Kanai Award.
More recently, he joined Google as a distinguished engineer and developed the Go language.