Trillion market! 12 promising areas in the future


liu, tempo Date: 2021-07-27 09:36:49 From:ozmca.com
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Focus on the AI Industry Research Center! Focus on 5G and AI industry, and shout for technology!

 

Recently, the Future Today Institute released the “2021 Technology Trends Report”, which analyzed nearly 500 technological development trends in 12 fields, expounding the technological trends in various fields and the future political, economic, social, military, and the business relationship pointed out that the future world will be deeply influenced by technologies such as artificial intelligence, 5G, and blockchain.

 

5G, robotics and transportation

Basic situation

 

5G can transmit data faster and consume less power, shortening the transmission delay from 30 milliseconds to 1 millisecond. Realizing the instantaneous connection between network devices will bring huge development opportunities to the fields of telemedicine, robot-assisted surgery, self-driving cars, games and streaming media.

 

Cloud robotics technology can provide robots with shared data and codes, and provide remote command and control services.

 

With the popularization of bike-sharing and car-sharing services, transportation is developing toward a “pay-as-you-go” business model.

 

Cloud robotics technology

 

Future trend

 

In the 5G field, 1ms is the end-to-end delay requirement for 5G networks. A new delay standard is under development, and it may break through the millisecond barrier. 6G will be the sixth-generation wide-area wireless technology following the transition to 5G.

 

In the field of computing, the global quantum computing competition is underway. In 2020, there will be a surge in equity transactions in quantum computing startups.

 

Millions of “robot-as-a-service” projects will be launched in the next five years and will bring billions of dollars in revenue. With the launch of 5G and the reduction of delays, robots will process spatial data at a sufficiently fast speed. Flexible robot muscle technology will enable robots to “sweat” and achieve autonomous temperature regulation in the body to adapt to environmental changes. For example, robot dogs designed specifically for Mars will travel in groups, and some governments will consider giving the cutting-edge robot “cyborg” legal status.

 

New energy vehicles will promote the development of new business models. California will gradually stop selling fuel vehicles by 2035. China is creating a new mobile ecosystem, including electric vehicles, applications, communication systems, artificial intelligence and data, and intends to promote its products overseas.

 

Artificial intelligence

Basic situation

 

Artificial intelligence represents the third era of computing, and is usually defined as the ability of machines to form cognitive functions equal to or better than humans.

 

The research fields of artificial intelligence include robotics, language recognition, image recognition, natural language processing, and “expert systems”. The functions that can be realized include perception, learning, innovation, reasoning, prediction, text understanding, etc.

 

Artificial intelligence has been widely used in most industries, such as solving business problems, detecting fraud, increasing crop yields, managing supply chains, and promoting products. In recent years, the substantial increase in business demand, the explosive growth of data, the breakthrough development of technology, and the rapid improvement of computing and storage capabilities have all promoted the advancement of artificial intelligence.

 

Future trend

 

Natural language processing technology will receive great attention, and its investment and development speed will be greatly increased.

 

No-code or low-code systems will give birth to new business operating models. The no-code or low-code services of Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Cloud Computing Services and Google Cloud will penetrate into daily life, and consumers can create their own artificial intelligence applications.

 

Major Internet companies will vigorously promote the development of artificial intelligence cloud sharing technology.

 

The artificial intelligence industry will still operate in a closed source mode, and the code transparency and reproducibility within the industry is low.

 

Natural language processing algorithms will be used to study the principles of viral gene mutations. The new crown epidemic has promoted the application of artificial intelligence in drug research and development, and artificial intelligence research and development drugs will be tested for the first time in Japan. Artificial intelligence will play a key role in synthetic biology, genetics, medical imaging, disease spread prediction, and disease rehabilitation. Artificial neural implant technology will be applied to the artificial nervous system.

 

The “SuperGlue” algorithm, which measures the language ability of artificial intelligence, will be replaced by the end of 2021.

 

Some countries will launch national artificial intelligence strategies from 2021 to 2022. The future war will be a “code war” based on data and algorithms.

 

From 2021 to 2027, the global artificial intelligence market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 42.2%.

 

Energy, climate, space

Basic situation

 

Countries are vigorously conducting research on innovative energy sources, such as solar energy, hydrogen energy, and nuclear energy. Climate change will greatly change human life, disrupt the global food supply chain, and threaten human health. Data in 2020 show that there are more than 28 constellation plans released worldwide, and more than 20,000 satellites are planned to be launched

 

Future trend

 

In the next 10 years, researchers will design a nuclear fusion reactor prototype.

Hydrogen energy will free most parts of the world from carbon-based energy.

 

Some countries will launch green energy programs to open up new business opportunities, and the Biden government will make changes in energy, climate and sustainable development policies.

 

Many start-ups will take measures to combat climate warming.

 

The current value of the space industry is approximately US$330 billion, and it may double by 2026. Countless commercial projects will be born and benefit from the space industry.

 

Synthetic biology, biotechnology, agriculture

Basic situation

 

Synthetic biology is a relatively new cross-science field that combines engineering, design, computer science and biology. It can connect “genes” into networks, allowing cells to complete various tasks designed by researchers. In the past 10 years, synthetic biology start-ups have invested approximately US$26 billion, which could generate US$4 trillion in revenue by 2031. By 2050, agricultural production needs to increase by 70% to meet global food demand.

 

Future trend

 

By 2025, the human genome data storage space may be exhausted, and researchers are using neural networks to develop artificial genomes.

 

CRISPR (genome editing) technology will revolutionize cancer treatments, prevent the spread of diseases, and solve global famine.

 

Indoor vertical farms will increase the yield by 10-20 times compared with traditional farms and are more environmentally friendly.

 

By 2023, the size of the insect protein market may exceed $1 billion.

 

A new generation of agricultural technology start-ups have emerged one after another, and large technology companies such as Microsoft and Amazon have also established new businesses to support high-tech farms. For example, the total output of vertical farms based on AI systems and more available agricultural sensors is 10 to 20 times that of traditional farms, and it is more environmentally friendly.

 

New reality, synthetic media and content, news & information

Basic situation

 

New reality: With the continuous development of a series of technologies such as smart glasses, game engines, natural language processing and generation, volumetric video, and haptics, we must distinguish between various digital media realities that cross the reality-virtual specification. As more and more researchers such as AR, VR, MR, XR, and DR have to review their definitions and differences, this is the first step to better understand the future of the field.

 

Synthetic media: Synthetic media consists of audio, video, deep forgery, virtual characters and environments, and will promote the development of extended reality technology in the future.

 

News and information: With the rise of 5G technology, the media will better and faster provide the public with required news services and help them verify the accuracy of information.

 

Future trend

 

With the development of various digital “real-world” technologies and the emergence of new “real-world” technologies, virtual reality technology will gradually improve and will enter public life.

 

Reduced reality is a new technology of augmented reality, which aims to remove existing elements in the environment, rather than introduce new digital elements.

 

Natural language processing and generation technology and emotion recognition technology will develop rapidly.

 

In the next 10 years, the total market for augmented reality and virtual reality will reach hundreds of billions of dollars.

 

Synthetic media will become an indispensable part of the extended reality field and will also be used by criminals to spread false information.

 

Identification and scoring

Basic situation

 

Identification technology: This type of technology can help companies understand consumer preferences and develop personalized services; assist law enforcement agencies in tracking criminals and prevent them from committing crimes again; helping police investigate online fraud cases; assisting genome sequencing work, etc.

 

Credit scoring technology: This is a personal financial authority evaluation technology created to ensure financial security. Different levels of credit scores can be obtained based on customer credit information, so as to determine the amount of authority that customers can hold to ensure the safety of loans and other businesses Sex. As loans and credit cards play an increasingly important role in modern society, the prospect of credit scoring technology is immeasurable.

 

Future trend

 

Anonymity technology will disappear. Voice recognition technology can recognize what people enter on devices through voice, and facial recognition systems can automatically recognize humans, pets, and even cartoon characters.

 

The new coronavirus epidemic will accelerate the popularization of genetic databases. Voiceprint recognition technology will help law enforcement agencies track criminals. Correspondingly, anti-recognition technologies will develop rapidly, such as wearable facial projectors (used to deceive smart recognition devices).

 

The artificial intelligence system will use big data to score everyone’s credit.
Work, culture and entertainment

 

Basic situation

 

Work: The new coronavirus epidemic has promoted the development of telecommuting around the world. Companies such as Facebook and Twitter have promised to allow employees to work remotely even after the epidemic is lifted.

Culture: As more and more people in developed countries create personal images in virtual worlds (such as online games), the virtual clothing market has a bright future.

Entertainment: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the video game industry has developed rapidly.

 

Future trend

 

The new coronavirus epidemic has compressed the time of digital transformation from ten years to several months.

 

The distribution of scientific and technological talents will begin to spread from the central area.

 

With the development of the e-sports industry, some colleges and universities will offer e-sports majors.

 

Biohackers will use genome sequencing technology to control physical conditions.

Healthcare and wearable devices

 

Basic situation

 

Healthcare: The new coronavirus epidemic has accelerated the development of telemedicine. Healthcare will be the next area of competition for technology giants. Amazon, Google, Apple and Facebook are all actively deploying.

Wearable devices: portable devices will gradually shift to wearable devices, and 5G networks will promote wearable devices into the global mainstream market.

 

Future trend

 

The new coronavirus epidemic will promote digital transformation in the healthcare sector.

 

In recent years, smart fitness equipment has been launched one after another, and the new coronavirus epidemic will continue to promote the development of this market.

 

The United States is developing video games to treat certain diseases, and some prescription-level games have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

 

Sleep assist technology is developing rapidly, and the market size may exceed US$30 billion by 2026.

 

Smart home and consumer electronics

Basic situation

 

Smart home: Smart home has real-time perception and temperature, sound, light adjustment and other functions. Driven by the needs of home office, study, exercise, etc., the industry is developing rapidly.

Consumer electronics: Folding screens are becoming a trend that will change the appearance of many consumer electronics.

 

Future trend

 

The smart home network will continue to improve with the development of integrated wiring technology, integration technology, communication technology, and automatic control technology. Artificial intelligence will monitor and reduce the carbon emissions of smart homes.

 

Folding screen mobile phones have gone from concept to production in the past two years, and are about to enter an explosive period.

 

Blockchain, financial technology, encryption

Basic situation

 

With the digitization of the global financial system, the demand for modern, fair and secure transaction settlement systems will increase. As Bitcoin is used as a decentralized financial instrument, the holding of a large number of cryptocurrencies will catalyze innovation in 2021, and more than 40 countries around the world are experimenting with digital legal sovereign currencies.

 

Future trend

 

Financial institutions will provide decentralized financial services.

 

Environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) requirements will promote the development of blockchain.

 

The digitization of the financial system will increase the demand for modern and secure transaction settlement systems.

 

Currency encryption technology will promote innovation in financial institutions.

 

Policy, government

Basic situation

 

COVID-19 has accelerated the digital transformation. Countries around the world have generally adopted online government services. In addition, cloud neutrality is developing. On the other hand, the Biden administration is also taking measures to limit the influence of Internet giants and appointing well-known scientists to important positions in the federal government. In the post-epidemic era, countries are promoting vaccine passports to restart travel.

 

Future trend

 

American technology giants will set up geopolitical departments one after another.

 

The new coronavirus epidemic has accelerated the digital transformation of governments around the world, will promote the implementation of online government services, and prompt governments to protect citizens’ basic income.

 

In the post-epidemic era, countries will launch “vaccine passports” to revive the tourism industry.

 

Privacy, security

Basic situation

 

Modern social economy depends on the mining, refining and utilization of data. Data is one of the company’s most important assets, and how to effectively collect, clear, share and store data is crucial. While responding to existing problems, the information security department must also anticipate upcoming security challenges. According to statistics from the Center for Strategic and International Studies in the United States, cyberattacks will cause approximately $445 billion in losses to the global economy in 2020, accounting for almost 1% of global revenue.

 

Future trend

 

The new coronavirus epidemic has accelerated the application of biological data collection systems.

 

Home network security is low, and working from home has caused a sharp increase in network fraud and attack incidents.

 

Hackers will increase their attacks on intellectual property (commercial communications, vaccine codes, DNA records, etc.).

 

In 2021, cyber security risks will focus on government agencies, military enterprises, and fields such as healthcare, pharmaceuticals, retail, advanced materials and manufacturing.

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