With the support of the Internet, big data, cloud computing, machine learning, neural networks, deep learning, and speech recognition technologies, artificial intelligence is becoming the “super darling” of technological innovation.
As a “disruptive” and “revolutionary” technology, artificial intelligence is fundamentally changing the development process and methods of the international society. As a new technology that continues to change, artificial intelligence contains both opportunities and risks for national security.
In 2014, General Secretary Xi Jinping proposed the major strategic thinking of the overall national security concept as the leading guiding ideology of my country’s national security work in the new era. It is the core theoretical basis for China to handle the relationship between artificial intelligence, language services and national security.
On a global scale, with artificial intelligence as the core, the highly interconnected virtual space, real space, language space and thinking space will lead to the discourse and social changes of human society. As intelligent robots, intelligent drones, intelligent unmanned vehicles, unmanned weapon systems, machine translation, and facial expression intelligent recognition systems have entered the market, the impact of artificial intelligence on human society has become wider and wider, in the social and political fields, The economic field, the cultural field, the military field, and the network field show their talents, which is mainly reflected in its “enabling” function.
People are full of expectations for a more efficient and free intelligent life brought about by artificial intelligence. Especially with the continuous expansion of application fields, it is conceivable that the technological products brought by artificial intelligence in the future will be the comprehensive “brain” of human intelligence. Machine learning, smart manufacturing, online payment, digital buildings, digital cities, digital education, digital shopping, digital healthcare, and digital transportation have entered every aspect of our lives. At the same time, driven by new theories and technologies such as mobile Internet, big data, supercomputing, sensor networks, and brain science, as well as the strong needs of economic and social development, artificial intelligence presents deep learning, cross-border integration, human-machine collaboration, and autonomy. New features such as control will further promote the accelerated leap from digitization and networking to intelligence in all areas of the economy and society.
While the artificial intelligence industry is gradually expanding, the uncertainty of its development also brings new challenges. One is the deep falsification of information content. The rise of deep forgery technology has brought major risks and challenges. It has the characteristics of high fidelity, difficult identification, and wide application range. It will not only infringe on personal rights and interests, but also seriously endanger social public interests and national security. In the process of information gathering, although the source of information is greatly enriched, the means of creating false information are also more convenient. With the popularization of smart phones and their apps, the popularization of network communication and the decentralization of content, dynamic false information can cover a wider audience in more countries and regions. Deeply false and emotionally manipulated content will be able to be delivered to the target audience with high accuracy. Therefore, we must be alert to the “filter bubble” effect proposed by Eli Pariser, avoid the “smart isolation state”, and earnestly pay attention to our own privacy protection.
Secondly, emotional computing and natural language processing will make it easier to manipulate human emotions and extract sensitive information. The algorithms, data and cyberspace on which artificial intelligence “relies are virtual and open, making it easier to collect and share personal data, which greatly facilitates the storage and analysis of information such as identity information coding, health status, credit history, and location activity totals and the transaction process”.
Artificial intelligence is easy to synthesize realistic video and audio content, and people can imitate others on network video and network communication tools. Such fake audio and video are rapidly spread through the Internet and social media, and have an impact on the social and economic order.
Thirdly, as a basic technology, artificial intelligence is embodied in language products and language services such as speech recognition, text recognition, machine translation, and search engines. In the era of artificial intelligence, cyber security threats may further generalize. Big data, cloud computing, and cloud storage represented by high and new technology have made national or individual data more centralized, infrastructure virtualization has become increasingly high, and relevant technical thresholds have been lowered, which has led to more prominent cyber security risks. Artificial intelligence is spreading rapidly to various emerging fields, the concept of the Internet of Everything is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, and the boundaries of network security are becoming increasingly blurred. The most common is the problem of information leakage.
Once hackers invade, national information or personal privacy will face the risk of leakage, endangering national security or personal property security or even personal safety.
Artificial intelligence has a wide range of influences, and a comprehensive, systematic, comprehensive, dialectical, and developmental security theory framework is needed to correctly grasp the opportunities and challenges brought by artificial intelligence. The United States, the United Kingdom, Japan, the European Union and other countries have all issued strategic documents on the development of artificial intelligence technology and the response to security challenges.
“Artificial Intelligence and National Security” research report, the above report focuses on how artificial intelligence affects and shapes the future of US national security issues.
Under the “new national security concept” in the new era, language services have extremely important security values. The strong language service guarantee and all-round dissemination have established a good international reputation for China in the fight against the epidemic. Therefore, comprehensively integrating the current status of artificial intelligence development at home and abroad, it is necessary to effectively enhance the ability to maintain national security under artificial intelligence conditions, and continuously strengthen the top-level design of artificial intelligence development and core technological breakthroughs; face the impact of artificial intelligence on social order, ethics, and ideology.
In the coming impact, we should strengthen special research and legislative management to ensure the sound and safe development of artificial intelligence; attach great importance to the training of artificial intelligence talents, support universities to set up language technology, language service and other majors, create artificial intelligence “golden courses”, and cultivate artificial intelligence “golden “Talents”, continue to strengthen multi-dimensional cooperation between industry, university and research, enhance talent, technology, knowledge and experimental reserves; focus on maintaining national security capabilities under artificial intelligence conditions, strengthen research on the innovative application of artificial intelligence technology in the military and civilian fields, and accelerate the construction of intelligence. Improve the ability to maintain national security.