Automatic driving – a familiar and unfamiliar word. The familiar thing is that it often appears in people’s sight. The strange thing is that the public doesn’t know much about it. Compared with the brilliant progress of new energy in the first half of this year, the mass production rhythm of automatic driving is full of a lot of controversy.
Japanese director Takeshi Kitano once said, “the disaster is not the death of 20000 people, but the death of one person, which has happened 20000 times.” Such tragedies have also been staged one after another in the field of automatic driving, which has aroused the people’s doubts about this “advanced” technology and put the automatic driving technology and its products into the forefront again.
How should car owners correctly view automatic driving technology and its products at this stage? What is the difference between the standard of liability judgment and the traditional identification standard of accidents?
Excessive marketing, automatic driving R & D publicity urgently needs to be standardized
Since Tesla, the word “automatic driving” is like a “ladder” to the divine world. It seems that every auto enterprise entering the new energy vehicle industry is proud to join the ranks of “automatic driving”. However, under the premise that “automatic driving” and “automatic assisted driving” are not clear, the excessive rendering of car enterprises is misleading.
In July this year, when talking about Tesla’s automatic driving at the world artificial intelligence conference, Su Qing, then director of the intelligent driving Products Department of Huawei’s intelligent vehicle solution Bu, publicly said: “when machines enter human society and coexist with humans, machines will certainly cause an accident rate. The ugly point is’ killing ‘, just saying that we should reduce its accident probability as low as possible. In terms of probability, this is a possible thing. ” Because of the emergence of the word “murder”, Su Qing was controversial for a time and was removed from the post of director of intelligent driving products department by Huawei. However, this remark also made the public rethink and guard against the safety of automatic driving again.
Technology is far from mature, so we stumbled on the road. However, this does not affect that car companies are happy to tell consumers about the beauty of their own automatic driving technology. When automatic driving has become the biggest selling point of intelligent electric vehicles, the publicity of car enterprises has become radical. While constantly emphasizing “intelligent” and “automatic”, the industry not only conveys an overly optimistic attitude, but also confuses the difference between automatic driving and assisted driving.
The great leap forward marketing and consumers’ curiosity about new technologies have greatly enhanced the drivers’ confidence in automatic driving and buried potential safety hazards at the same time.
Although many car companies have been emphasizing that their driving assistance system is not an automatic driving system, many users still have wrong knowledge. In early August this year, an ideal one owner showed off that on a highway, the driver’s and co driver’s seats were completely flat, lying on the car and allowing the auxiliary driving system to control the vehicle, which aroused heated discussion among netizens.
In response to this, the ideal car issued a document saying, “the auxiliary driving function of the ideal car must be used with a seat belt. Don’t leave the steering wheel with both hands during driving. The ideal one provides auxiliary driving function rather than automatic driving.”
In fact, these ordinary consumers who have invested a lot of enthusiasm and money in automatic driving, and even risked their lives, do not know. In terms of automatic driving technology, the current technical level is still at a low level.
Automatic driving is not has the final say of the manufacturer itself, but the technology is strictly defined and standardized at home and abroad. According to the definition of the international society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), automatic driving is divided into six levels l0-l5. People can get rid of human intervention only when it is above L4. The industry also recognizes that automatic driving is above L4, and auxiliary driving is below L4.
However, at present, the “automatic driving” function of vehicles on the market is basically still at the level of L1 and L2 in the international standard or below level 2 and 2 under the national standard, that is, assisted driving, and the driver shall be fully responsible for driving the vehicle. However, many car companies have vague concepts in publicity and take automatic driving as a “selling point”. Data show that nearly 30% of smart car owners have completely released their hands and handed them over to the vehicle for automatic driving.
Cui Dongshu, Secretary General of the Federation of passengers, believes that consumers should learn and understand the functions of vehicles with auxiliary driving function when buying them. Manufacturers also have the responsibility to educate consumers how to use this function, how to avoid risks, and how drivers should be vigilant. Let the vehicle serve us safely, rather than over trust in automatic driving, leading to risk.
Industry regulations to be improved
With the fierce competition in the domestic new energy vehicle market, all kinds of enterprises have held high science and technology cards, and “automatic driving” has become the functional and technical standard of new energy vehicles. Although different brands have different scripts, over marketing is a common phenomenon, as if autonomous driving is within reach.
Ordinary users have a tendency towards new technology products: they don’t trust them at first, but once they try and feel good, they will become very, very trusted. This is the beginning of an accident.
In other words, from now on, the OEMs, regardless of the size of Ota upgrades, must report for filing, and can be officially pushed to all users after being approved. This move, to some extent, undoubtedly put an end to the occurrence of similar “lock switch” events at the root.
This opinion guidance is very timely. On the one hand, it strengthens the responsibility supervision of vehicle enterprises to avoid unlimited amplification in publicity and unlimited shirking of responsibility in the event of an accident, putting all the responsibility on the individual drivers. On the other hand, it also points out the way for the development direction of the automatic driving industry.
In this context, the research and development process of automatic driving in the whole industry may slow down. At least let the slightly impetuous era of smart cars sink down and seriously study technology to ensure life safety.
Of course, today’s automatic driving technology faces challenges from both technology and infrastructure construction, standards and regulations, and social value.
Although automatic driving has experienced many years of development and invested countless funds, it still has great defects in technology. A few years ago, some enterprises thought that automatic driving technology was “readily available”. Now more and more people begin to realize that the realization of automatic driving is too simple.
High level automatic driving involves technologies from communication, satellite, cloud service, medium and short-range wireless communication, computer vision recognition, high-precision radar and so on. It needs to deal with changeable traffic scenes, road types, complex traffic participants, extreme meteorological environment and so on. The so-called integration and coordination of vehicles, networks, roads and clouds.
Due to the great dependence of intelligent driving vehicles on data, driverless or assisted driving requires not only a large amount of external data, but also a large amount of personal driving data. The resulting data property rights and privacy protection will be an inseparable topic. Some engineers said that in the future, automatic driving above L4 level needs billions of data accumulation, including geographic information, vehicle information, passenger information, etc. It can be seen that the challenges from the national security level have not really come.
For example, in the recent Tesla owner rights protection incident, trass released the data one minute before the vehicle accident, which was accused by the owner’s family of violating their personal privacy and asking for the cancellation of the data.
Indeed, in the context of autopilot, the value of data is enormous. Who owns the data, who can access the data and who will process the data will be a key problem faced by enterprises and regulators in the next few years.
Automatic driving technology is the general trend of automobile driving in the future. However, at this stage, the relevant technologies are still in the primary stage. There is still a long way to go in the future from the stage of maturity and popularization. The process of any technological development is undoubtedly tortuous and upward. Of course, we can’t stop the progress of developing automatic driving because of choking. However, for technology and product applications related to life safety, on the basis of actively promoting technical research, we might as well be more rational and cautious in the pace of mass production applications. After all, from beginning to end, automatic driving should be a system that provides safety and convenience for users’ driving, rather than demand stimulation and freshness.