With the development of big data, cloud computing, Internet and other technologies, the term artificial intelligence has been slowly integrated into our life. In recent years, medical treatment, as a field attracting worldwide attention, has also witnessed rapid development under the promotion of artificial intelligence. With the development of big data, cloud computing, the Internet and other new technologies, the term artificial intelligence has been slowly integrated into our lives.
Artificial Intelligence (Artificial Intelligence), referred to as AI, it is a new technical science to study and develop theories, methods, technologies and application systems for simulating, extending and extending human Intelligence. The term artificial intelligence was first coined in 1950 by Alan Turing, the inventor of the Turing Test and the father of computer science.
With the development of more than half a century, artificial intelligence has been slowly integrated into every aspect of our lives, and is changing our lives. Healthcare, one of the earliest areas of artificial intelligence, has seen a qualitative leap in the past few years.
AI’s contribution to medical diagnosis
As one of the first fields to be invaded by artificial intelligence, it has been combined with medical diagnosis for decades to help doctors make diagnoses. AAPhelp, the world’s first computer-based clinical decision support system, was developed in 1972 by Tim de Dombal and Susan Klepp in the United Kingdom. The system uses a naive Bayesian algorithm to calculate the likely cause of severe abdominal pain based on a patient’s symptoms. The system is becoming more accurate as scientists feed more symptoms and diagnostic data into it. By 1974, the diagnostic accuracy of the system exceeded that of senior doctors. Although AAPhelp takes a night to produce a diagnosis, it is important to remember that this is running on computer hardware from the 1970s, when AI + medical diagnosis was not widely available due to the limitations of computer hardware and software.
The development of medicine in the past few decades cannot be separated from the contribution of artificial intelligence. In the field of medical diagnosis, the biggest contribution of AI in recent years has been the “medical expert system”. The medical expert system mainly adopts the knowledge reasoning technology and knowledge representation technology in artificial intelligence, which is used to simulate medical experts’ thinking process of medical diagnosis and observation of patients’ condition, as well as treatment. It can help doctors make more accurate medical diagnosis in a shorter time by “learning” medical experts’ clinical experience, pathological theory and other professional medical knowledge, and even help doctors solve complex medical problems.
Nowadays, with the development of various new technologies and the continuous optimization of computer hardware, the computing speed of computers has been different from that of the past. In the medical field, especially in clinical diagnosis, ai also has the opportunity to play a big role.
Nowadays, many well-known companies in the IT industry have started to set foot in the field of artificial intelligence + medical treatment, and are committed to building a medical system of intelligent medical treatment. As a key part of this system, diagnosis is the market that every company wants to “capture” first. In the past, it could take hours, or even days, for a doctor to go from contact with a patient to the test and the film, and then the doctor to the test results and the film to make a diagnosis. But now, with the help of ai medical systems, doctors can diagnose patients and make treatment suggestions in just a few minutes or even a few minutes. In addition, the results analyzed by artificial intelligence should be more accurate than the diagnosis results of general doctors, with lower misdiagnosis probability, so as to bring faster and more accurate medical diagnosis to patients. Hospitals can improve medical efficiency and reduce misdiagnosis rate through auxiliary diagnosis system.
Development and promotion of smart medical treatment
Ai has its own contribution not only in medical diagnosis, but also in the establishment of the entire medical system.
From the point of view of hospitals, in the past, there was little communication between hospitals, and each hospital had its own and only its own medical records management system. Hospitals cannot be connected to the external network, and these medical records can only be circulated within the hospital, which to a large extent affects the patient experience, the efficiency of medical treatment and the sharing of cases between hospitals. Nowadays, with the development of big data, cloud computing and other technologies, more and more hospitals have opened their own network system, and a “medical consortium” can be formed between hospitals, so as to better serve patients.
The application of artificial intelligence is not only reflected in the construction of hospital informatization, but also more reflected in the construction of medical system. Here’s where precision medicine comes in.
Precision Medicine is a new medical concept and medical model based on personalized Medicine, developed with the rapid progress of genome sequencing technology and the cross application of bio-information and big data science. Its essence is to analyze, identify, verify and apply biomarkers for a large sample population and specific disease types through genomics, proteomics and other omics technologies as well as cutting-edge medical technologies, so as to accurately find the cause and therapeutic target of a disease, and accurately classify different states and processes of a disease. Finally, the goal of personalized and precise treatment for diseases and specific patients is realized, and the benefits of disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention are improved.
As a next-generation diagnosis and treatment technology, precision medicine has great technical advantages over traditional diagnosis and treatment methods. Compared with traditional diagnosis and treatment methods, precision medicine is more accurate and convenient. On the one hand, mutation genes of cancer can be found out through gene sequencing, so that appropriate drugs can be quickly determined, saving patients the time to try various treatment methods and improving the treatment effect. On the other hand, gene sequencing requires only the patient’s blood and even saliva, without the need for traditional pathological sections, which can reduce the damage to the patient’s body during the diagnosis process. It can be predicted that the emergence of precision medical technology will significantly improve the diagnosis and treatment experience and effect of cancer patients, with great development potential.
Precision medicine, as a vane of the future development of the medical industry, can be said to be the trend of The Times. Future, every one of us will have a belong to his own “doctor”, the “doctor” is a virtual system of artificial intelligence, it can be based on the genetic inheritance of human, past records, such as data analysis, for every one to develop a set of unique to his own health plan, and provide some advice on life and eating habits. And this virtual private doctor can help us to do a good job of disease prevention, health management.
Smart medicine moves ahead in controversy
While technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data, and cloud computing are disruptive to the healthcare industry, security is a growing concern. The security and confidentiality of personal information, as well as the security of the network, has always been a topic of concern, in the medical industry is no exception. At present, more and more network security solution providers began to guarantee the network security of medical information to launch their own solutions, to make their own contribution to the development of smart medical.
On the other hand, with the development of AI in the medical industry, people are worried about whether ai will completely replace doctors in the future. According to the current development trend and the attitude of some experts and scholars, this situation will not happen. After all, AI is a technology developed by humans to help doctors make faster and more accurate diagnoses, not to replace them. In addition, as artificial intelligence, it also has its limitations. The diagnosis and treatment of some new cases mainly rely on doctors’ experience.
Although there are many controversies about artificial intelligence, I still believe that in the future, everyone can have their own “private doctor”, who can help us manage our health and assist doctors to make diagnosis and treatment when we are sick. In the future, Artificial intelligence will be more and more applied to the medical field, so as to improve the efficiency of medical treatment, as well as the medical experience of patients, to safeguard human health.