In today’s era, science and technology are developing with each passing day. While modern information technology represented by the Internet, big data, and artificial intelligence has profoundly changed human learning, production and life, its revolutionary impact on education has become increasingly prominent. The construction of educational informationization has entered a new stage, and the learning environment, teaching mode, and education system governance are facing opportunities and challenges in the process of transforming from tradition to intelligence.
How to promote the deep integration of artificial intelligence and education, artificial intelligence and vocational education, artificial intelligence education in the era of robots, and intelligent learning in the artificial intelligence environment have become hot issues of common concern in education and industry at home and abroad.
I. The help and application of artificial intelligence in the field of education
Dee Kanejiya, the founder and CEO of Cognii, a provider of educational AI technology, predicted the possible progress of AI technology in the field of education. He said that education was the basis for people to make progress in all other fields, so the application of AI in the field of education would have the most far-reaching significance. Highlights: 1. AI technology is likely to make breakthroughs in homework correction, Q&A, tutoring, and practical learning; 2. ETS has previously used AI technology to replace the judges, and successfully reviewed the GRE and SAT writing answers, proving that AI technology can be “trained” to accurately analyze and judge students’ answers; 3. AI technology will also play a greater role in the field of formative assessment. It can form tutoring courses in the form of asking questions-providing answers-providing feedback to students.
AI’s help for education, in terms of technology adoption, the education industry is still in the “developing country” stage. But this is also an advantage of the education industry, which means that it does not have to go through the assembly of traditional infrastructure like other industries, but can achieve leapfrog development through similar methods that directly use mobile smart phones.
The main trends in the education field and the performance of industry stakeholders all hint that the industry will usher in disruptive innovation. As budgets decrease and classroom scales increase, technological advancements will increase the productivity and efficiency of the education system. AI plays an important role in improving the quality and affordability of education.
Some applications of AI in the education field include:
1. AI that can correct students’ text assignments
2. A robot that answers students’ questions
3. A virtual personal assistant that tutors students
4. Virtual reality and computer vision that provide immersive hands-on learning
5. Simulation and Gamification Teaching Platform
As schools and universities continue to develop online strategies, seek opportunities to reduce costs and improve output, the application of AI in education will continue to rise.
II. The 3rd China-US Smart Education Conference focuses on artificial intelligence and education.
On March 18th, the 3rd China-US Smart Education Conference focused on cutting-edge topics such as artificial intelligence 2.0. In-depth discussions were conducted on the theme of “Intelligence and Education”.
(1) The new world of artificial intelligence expansion education Pan Yunhe, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, proposed that with the outbreak of new social needs such as smart cities, smart medical treatment, and smart transportation, as well as information environments such as the Internet, mobile computing, supercomputing, wearable devices, the Internet of Things, and cloud computing With the tremendous changes in the world, artificial intelligence has begun to move towards a new generation, namely the era of artificial intelligence 2.0 (AI2.0). The real motivation for artificial intelligence 2.0 is that the world is evolving from the original binary space composed of human society and physical space to a new ternary space composed of physical space, human society and information space. Its key theories and technologies include big data intelligence, swarm intelligence, cross-media intelligence, human-machine hybrid enhanced intelligence, and autonomous intelligence systems.
At present, artificial intelligence 2.0 technology is beginning to emerge. AI has revealed a large number of new features towards 2.0, including deep learning on big data + self-gaming evolution technology, network-based swarm intelligence has sprouted, human-machine integration technology oriented hybrid intelligence, Cross-media reasoning has emerged and unmanned systems have developed rapidly. Academician Pan pointed out that the challenges of artificial intelligence 2.0 to education include personalized education based on big data intelligence, cross-media learning, intelligent support for lifelong learning, and education modernization requires a combination of multiple fields to tackle key problems. In the implementation of the new generation of artificial intelligence strategy, the organization of the team and the cultivation of talents are the key. It is necessary to form an artificial intelligence research force that integrates politics, enterprises, and academics across the country, and increase support for artificial intelligence talent cultivation and discipline construction to create a new generation of artificial intelligence research centers based on the cooperation of politics, industry, and academia, combining science, engineering and education, to try out a flexible system to achieve rapid development. The move towards artificial intelligence 2.0 is a major event for humanity to achieve new progress. We should actively promote international cooperation, build a cooperation platform, and work with scientific and technological personnel willing to join hands around the world to jointly respond to various challenges and promote mankind to a better tomorrow.
(2) Talents are the most lacking in the development of the robotics industry.
“Currently, the demand for talents in the artificial intelligence industry in China is growing rapidly, but the supply and demand of artificial intelligence talents are imbalanced, and the number of talents is small and the quality is not high. With the change in productivity, more and more complex jobs are being replaced by artificial intelligence systems.” Dong Gang, chairman of the National Joint Council of Principals of Higher Vocational Colleges, believes that artificial intelligence has become one of the important applications in the field of education. In the future, vocational education must actively adapt to the changes in job positions and talent quality requirements in the artificial intelligence era. In line with the changes in the demand for talents, we will deeply integrate artificial intelligence and education, implement vocational education tasks, cultivate technical and technical talents required for industrial transformation, and improve the quality of existing workers. The development strategy of vocational education in the era of artificial intelligence includes returning talent training goals to the essence of education, adjusting professional settings, and leading industrial development; education and teaching methods under the influence of informatization; refined management supported by big data; and “AI+” teacher construction.
Liu Hong, a professor at Peking University and vice chairman of the Chinese Society of Artificial Intelligence, systematically analyzed the international and domestic technology and industrial background of the “robot fever” in recent years, and put forward the basic conclusion that intelligent robots are the highest form of human social tool development. Artificial intelligence and education in the era of robots is to closely integrate the industrial background and grasp the frontier direction of industrial robot intelligence. At present, the most lacking in the development of artificial intelligence and robotics is talents, and the most lacking in talent training is regulation. The development of robot education in the era of robots urgently needs the in-depth integration and cross-innovation of artificial intelligence technology and robotics technology to promote the construction of a new discipline of “intelligent discipline and technology”.
(3) Intelligent learning in the artificial intelligence environment,
Professor Songhao Piao, director of the Multi-agent Robot Research Center of Harbin Institute of Technology, proposed that intelligence is the future development direction of robots. Intelligent robots have the functions of perception, thinking and action. They are computers and comprehensive result of various disciplines and technologies such as artificial intelligence. The major development trends of intelligent robots in the future are that the language communication function is becoming more and more perfect, the appearance is more and more human-like, the logical analysis ability is getting stronger, and the function is becoming more and more diverse.
The technology of artificial intelligence robots has achieved rapid development in recent years, and the education field is also embracing and absorbing such emerging technologies. In order to adapt to the changes in the information age driven by emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence robots, and to accelerate the in-depth integration of information technology and education and teaching, the Beijing Normal University Internet Education Intelligent Technology and Application National Engineering Laboratory, as the organizer of this forum, unites complex system management Co-initiated the establishment of the Global Educational Robot Alliance with academic units such as the State Key Laboratory of Control, as well as dozens of related companies, in order to gather resources and strengths in the field of global artificial intelligence and education to create a platform for cooperation and exchanges in the production, education and research of educational robots, and promote global education The development of robots and the application of artificial intelligence education will solve the key problems of education in the intelligent era, cultivate digital citizens in the new era, and jointly promote the development of the artificial intelligence education industry of educational robots.
“We are now entering a new era of intelligent technology. Further applications such as scientific online games should be incorporated into intelligent education, including paradigm simulation and the use of psychological knowledge, to adapt to the rapidly changing world development.” Complex system management and Zhang Jun, a researcher at the State Key Laboratory of Control and Professor Zhang Jun of Wuhan University, pointed out that with the application of artificial intelligence technology, most existing jobs and industries will be changed and subverted. New industries, new formats, and new models will continue to emerge, and industrial society will upgrade to an intelligent society, we should lead the trend of the times and transform from teacher-centered industrial education to learner-centered intelligent education.
Luo Hongrong, the business person in charge of Baidu Education College, said that with the implementation of the first national artificial intelligence laboratory in Baidu and the realization of the unmanned driving system and DuerOS system (human-machine dialogue), Baidu AI technology has become a domestic artificial intelligence technology front runner. The application of technologies such as face recognition, knowledge graph, knowledge capture, knowledge evaluation, and knowledge sharing in the education field (such as classroom sign-in, learning graph, cloud knowledge base, etc.) shows the wisdom formed by the organic combination of artificial intelligence and schools in the future Education ecology.
Educational robots and intelligent teaching systems are typical of artificial intelligence applications in education. In the process of continuously expanding knowledge fields and types of knowledge, they will continue to innovate learning methods, change teachers’ roles, and stimulate learning potential. Education must proactively adapt to the new requirements of the intelligent age, promote the reform of education and teaching models with deepened applications, and fully realize the potential value of the integration and innovation of artificial intelligence and education.
III. Hot discussion at the Forum on Science and Education Innovation for Chinese and Foreign Teachers to Open a New Model of “Smart Education”
On March 25, a number of experts stated at the Science and Education Innovation Forum for Chinese and Foreign Teachers in Beijing that artificial intelligence will bring a series of innovations in the field of education Application will optimize teaching methods and open a new model of “smart education”. Zhai Xiaoning, the head of the high school affiliated to Renmin University of China, said that the future education method will be supported by artificial intelligence and big data, with students’ independent learning as the mainstay, and teachers’ personalized guidance as a supplement, presenting in the form of a “teacher-student learning community”.
Artificial intelligence will help education reform in all aspects, such as teaching methods and teaching methods. In terms of methods, human-computer interaction can be used to make the teaching situation more vivid; in terms of form, teachers no longer carry out “standardized teaching” for all students, but based on the student development reports provided by artificial intelligence and big data systems. Personalized guidance, focusing on making up for weak links, and developing its own advantages. “Smart education” combined with artificial intelligence technology will be an important feature of educational innovation. As far as education is concerned, artificial intelligence is not only a new tool and method, but also represents a new kind of thinking, which should be taken seriously from the basic education stage.
From the perspective of the future development and application of artificial intelligence, the disciplines are highly comprehensive and intersecting, so schools should focus on the cultivation of students’ systematic scientific knowledge. For example, to carry out bioinformatics analysis and research, it may be necessary to simultaneously use knowledge in many fields such as artificial intelligence technology, statistics, and chemistry.