In recent years, big data, artificial intelligence, intelligent driving and other new technologies have developed rapidly, and the cost of hardware facilities such as cameras and sensors has plummeted, providing technical means and material basis for optimizing urban management.
With the growing scale of the city, the urban disease is also constantly troubled the real life of the citizens. Urban pollution, traffic congestion, difficulty in getting to school, difficulty in getting medical care, deviation between public service clusters and urban population clusters, etc. All these are closely related to the scientific nature of urban planning and the level of urban management. In the construction of the new city, the mistakes and traps of the past can be avoided, while the upgrading of the completed old city is confronted with great challenges. How to transform the old city and how to resolve the above contradictions are closely related to the quality of life of the citizens.
In recent years, big data, artificial intelligence, intelligent driving and other new technologies have developed rapidly, and the cost of hardware facilities such as cameras and sensors has plummeted, providing technical means and material basis for optimizing urban management. With condition is more and more mature technology, urban management form for data driven city decision-making mechanism, from the top design, top-down “AI” make industry transformation of urban function and more significantly, as the city to create technology as the driving of commercial value, eventually forming a variety of organic ecological city system.
The essence of artificial intelligence technology in the field of smart city is a data-driven urban operation and service mechanism, which provides continuous urban operation support according to government data, social data, Internet data and Internet of Things data. We will regulate and deploy public resources and services in an intelligent manner. Ai is not about being on top, it’s about continuous service and innovation. In terms of benefiting the people, the government intelligent order service automatically replaces the citizens for business processing, so that the data can run to the citizens once; In terms of optimizing politics, the city’s resources and services are automatically transferred to realize intelligent support for all services. Industrial, urban industry ecological wisdom aggregation, automatic transaction matching, to achieve all data intelligent support.
Artificial intelligence is penetrating into every aspect of smart city construction
In the field of transportation, there are many schemes to combine AI and urban transportation, but the most successful one is Aliyun ET City Brain. In 2017, city Brain handed over its answer for the past year: City Brain 1.0 officially took over 128 traffic light intersections in Hangzhou, reducing the travel time in pilot areas by 15.3% and saving 4.6 minutes on elevated roads. In the main urban area, the city brain alarms more than 500 times per day, and the accuracy rate is 92%. In Xiaoshan, 120 ambulances reach the scene in half time.
In the field of environmental protection, the green space layout is more scientific, contributing to the green air and environmental protection, the parking lot area is smaller and more scientific, the roads are more smooth, the highway bridge and subway construction reduces congestion, and the mathematical model assists in more effective road communication or queuing for shopping. The layout of houses, shopping malls, apartments, roads, Bridges, subway tracks, gardens, cultural places, stadiums and theme parks in smart cities is more scientific and better.
In the field of political wisdom, based on large data, artificial intelligence, information security and mobile Internet technology “social service management information platform which can realize urban data resource sharing together, establish information technology support, the grid management and diversified services” Internet + e-government service “new pattern, make” people running errands “errands” data “.
In the community life, the Internet of Things makes the community more intelligent. There are artificial intelligence network services in the streets, navigation and electronic maps for travel and transportation, tracking or positioning of private cars, Wifi voice services for travel, and more convenient services such as restaurants, hotels, car rental and shopping through voice intelligence.
In urban security, faced with the blowout growth of video surveillance data in the city, the traditional intelligent algorithm which stays at the shallow level of analysis and identification can no longer meet the needs of deep-level data value mining. Therefore, artificial intelligence in the security industry is a natural and increasingly in-depth, has been widely used in the public security system identity screening, synthetic pursuit, investigation and case solving.
When artificial intelligence technology is applied to the construction of smart city, there are still prominent problems in the following aspects
One is in cyber security. Without solving the problem of network security, artificial intelligence technology is hastily applied to the construction of smart city, which may bring more hidden dangers. And, second, in development planning. The policies and regulations concerning the construction of smart cities are not yet perfect, and the application of related ARTIFICIAL intelligence technologies is still controversial. The third is in data sharing applications. It is still difficult to open and share public data in some smart cities, and the value of data has not been fully utilized.
The above problems remind us that the integration of AI technology into smart city construction needs to be gradual, enhanced planning and guidance. China does not lag behind other countries in the performance of smart cities, and has taken the lead in the application of smart cities. In the future, China needs to solve the problem of how to combine the construction of smart cities with the actual needs of citizens.
“Smart city construction is a process, not a project.” New smart city construction needs to focus on diversity and long-term development. Through the innovative application of modern information technology, urban information sharing and business coordination can be realized, so that the city can be more easily perceived by citizens, and the convenience and efficiency of urban life can be improved.