Smart city originated in the media field. It refers to the use of various information technologies or innovative concepts to connect and integrate urban systems and services, so as to improve the efficiency of resource utilization, optimize urban management and services, and improve the quality of life of citizens.
Smart city is an advanced form of urban informatization that makes full use of the new generation of information technology in all walks of life in the city. Based on the next generation innovation (Innovation 2.0) of the knowledge society, it realizes the deep integration of informatization, industrialization and urbanization, helps to alleviate the “big city disease”, improve the quality of urbanization, and realize fine and dynamic management, And improve the effectiveness of urban management and the quality of life of citizens.
Smart city often intersects with regional development concepts such as digital city, perception City, wireless city, smart city, ecological city and low-carbon city, and even mixes with industry informatization concepts such as e-government, intelligent transportation and smart grid. The interpretation of the concept of smart city often focuses on different aspects. Some hold that the key lies in technology application, some hold that the key lies in network construction, some hold that the key lies in people’s participation, some hold that the key lies in smart effect, and some leading cities in urban informatization construction emphasize people-oriented and sustainable innovation. In short, wisdom is not just intelligence. Smart city is not only another term of smart city, or the intelligent application of information technology, but also includes human wisdom participation, people-oriented, sustainable development and so on.
Smart city builder – Intelligent builder
Smart city realizes comprehensive and thorough perception, broadband ubiquitous interconnection, intelligent integration application and user innovation through the application of new generation information technologies such as Internet of things infrastructure, cloud computing infrastructure and geospatial infrastructure, as well as tools and methods such as wiki, social network, Fab Lab, living lab, integrated integration method and networked all media integrated communication terminal Sustainable innovation characterized by open innovation, mass innovation and collaborative innovation. With the rise of the network Empire, the integrated development of mobile technology and the democratization process of innovation, the smart city in the knowledge society environment is an advanced form of information-based city development after the digital city.
From the perspective of technology development, smart city construction requires the realization of comprehensive perception, ubiquitous interconnection, pervasive computing and integrated applications through the new generation of information technology applications such as Internet of things and cloud computing represented by mobile technology. From the perspective of social development, smart city also requires the application of tools and methods such as wiki, social network, Fab Lab, living lab and comprehensive integration method to realize sustainable innovation in the knowledge society environment characterized by user innovation, open innovation, mass innovation and collaborative innovation, and emphasizes the realization of economic, social Comprehensive and sustainable development of the environment.