During this period, there is no shortage of external dividends, such as Internet+, AI, new infrastructure, 5G and other favorable factors frequently appear, and the view that “the community is about to be disrupted” was once deeply popular. However, in most of the smart community demonstrations, the “ideal country” of wisdom failed to light up thousands of communities in China, and even some of the cases that are regarded as the benchmark of smart communities are still mostly stuck in the “smart community” stage with only hardware.
After a period of “blindfolded rampage” in the smart community, it seems necessary to stop for a while to review the detours taken. In addition to technology, dividends, business prospects and other objective factors, smart communities want to get out of the “bitter plum” type of status quo, there may be some habitually neglected “small problems” need to think about.
1, underestimated invisible factors
A little observation of the wisdom of the community, it is not difficult to give such a conclusion: the current stage of the wisdom of the community has been a veritable “red sea track”.
The bloodthirsty Internet giants like sharks are taking advantage of the situation, Tencent, Ali, Jingdong, etc. are trying to replicate the “bottom-up” expansion path in the community, from e-commerce, services, social and other dimensions to enter, and then rely on the Internet of Things, cloud computing and other technologies to create a smart community service platform after another.
Also playing the idea of smart communities and IT companies and AI entrepreneurs, the former hopes to expand the main channel of security as the entrance, the latter plans to rely on computer vision, machine learning and other technologies to get a piece of the pie. In the forces set off the “enclosure movement”, the smart community in the capital market can be described as the wind.
Unfortunately, all kinds of participants did not deliver a remarkable report card, so the outside world will point the finger at two phenomenal shortcomings: the first is the constraint of basic computing power.
One is the constraint of basic computing power. The layout of various forces really promote the intelligence of the community, more and more intelligent devices arranged in the new or renovated community, collecting a large number of data resources, can be limited by the shortcomings of computing power and algorithms, these data are not intelligently analyzed and processed. Even some of the self-proclaimed intelligent community, still using traditional human monitoring a few cameras, the so-called “wisdom” ultimately stays on paper.
Second, the shackles of technical standards. Due to the various forces in hardware and software applications, services and other aspects of different standards, each for their own phenomenon, resulting in services and ecology can not be effectively integrated, “smart community” to cover the scene fragmented and single, and ultimately the needs of residents can only be limited to meet. Although some “players” want to make positive changes, the strategy is to pile up services, resulting in the general surface of the smart community, invariably at the expense of the user experience.
For these pain points, the outside world often reacts by criticizing the participants of the smart community for fighting on their own, lack of top-level design, smart for the sake of smart …… The most core invisible factor is underestimated: the smart community is a systematic project, not only involving IoT, AI, big data and other hardware and software coordination, the system architecture of professionalism and complexity is high, but also to start solving the high cost of computing power, poor compatibility, scene adaptation and a series of problems. Both need strong technical hard power, but also need enough capital to do backing.
The result is that small technology providers are unable to cope, and the giants are reluctant to plow, the smart community in a long time in a nearly insoluble bottleneck.
2, The industry needs bottom-up innovation
Peter Drucker, the father of modern management, once said, “The greatest danger in turbulent times is not the turbulence itself, but still doing things with the logic of the past.”
The same reasoning applies to smart communities. In the context of the decline of the real estate market, real estate manufacturers who are deeply in crisis gradually began to change the route of intelligent communities, from a solo fight to the upstream and downstream cooperation of the industry chain, “Internet giants + real estate manufacturers” combination has almost become a new paradigm.
Some head enterprises that understand the scene, have technology and resources have also started to carry out the underlying technological innovation related to smart communities.
After all, the computing scenarios in smart communities are mainly video and image processing, and GPU, which is good at parallel computing, becomes the most common computing power, so that the high hardware cost becomes a direct cause of data collection but lack of data processing. The performance of 200 trillion calculations per second is brought by the computing unit including NPU, which not only reduces the hardware cost of arithmetic power, but also can meet a variety of computing scenarios including visual, speech and natural language processing.
Regardless of the direction given by AI unicorns such as etu, or the new ideas already practiced by Haina Cloud, the domestic intelligent community is not stagnant and is making some useful attempts. It can even be foreseen that once the low-cost supply of arithmetic power is run through, and then use the “end-cloud integration” approach to security, travel and other high-frequency community scenarios for algorithm optimization, it is possible to break the arithmetic constraints of intelligent communities.
In addition, following the implementation of the “China Green Community Construction Guide”, “China Green Community Evaluation Guide”, “Smart Door Lock Development and Standards Research Report” and so on have also been released, the technical standards of the smart community is also the possibility of gradual unification. At the same time, it also indicates that, after the traditional path of smart community is verified to be unworkable, the players upstream and downstream of the industry are trying to find a new direction, and the bottom arithmetic and standards are becoming the new breakthrough point.
According to the general rule of technological innovation, once a key node is opened, it is often a turning point for the whole industry, and an “eco-level” breakthrough will be brewed.