What are the applications of artificial intelligence (AI) in smart cities?


liu, tempo Date: 2021-08-18 10:13:00 From:ozmca.com
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The term “smart city” has been mentioned more and more in recent years. Smart cities use a variety of information technology to integrate the city’s component systems and services to improve the efficiency of resource utilization and the quality of life of residents. With the development of technology, artificial intelligence is widely used in all aspects, from transportation to cultural tourism, from security to home, artificial intelligence is changing people’s lives and making the construction of smart cities possible.

 

The term “smart city” was first proposed by the International Business Machines Corporation in 2010, its purpose is to upgrade and develop the city, and into the twenty-first century, with the continuous improvement of people’s material living standards and the widespread use of science and technology, in order to fundamentally and effectively solve the many problems facing the development of cities and countries, “smart city” gradually into people’s vision, accepted and It is accepted and understood. In short, the so-called “smart city” mainly refers to the intelligent city form based on the Internet of Things, cloud computing, artificial intelligence technology, etc. Its significant difference with the traditional scale of urban development is that the smart city planning, social security and other analysis are carried out through the adoption of intelligent communication means, to a large extent, not only to reduce the loss of human, material and financial resources, but also to the overall development of enterprises Especially with the current urbanization and industrialization construction process accelerating, all kinds of problems arise to a certain extent on the overall development of the city has caused a very negative impact, hindering the progress of the country and society, and the generation and development of smart cities, not only to improve the competitiveness of the city, in improving people’s way of life also play an important role.

 

The term “smart city” has been mentioned more and more in recent years. Smart cities use a variety of information technologies to integrate the city’s component systems and services to improve the efficiency of resource utilization and the quality of life of residents. With the development of technology, artificial intelligence is widely used in various aspects, from transportation to cultural tourism, from security to home, artificial intelligence is changing people’s lives and enabling the construction of smart cities.

 

What is a smart city?

 

A smart city is an inevitable product of the convergence of achievements in the development of industrialization, informatization and urbanization in today’s society. It is generated with the development of new information technology such as Internet of Things, new generation of mobile broadband network, cloud computing, etc. It is highly innovative and highly cognitive, which will make significant changes in people’s way of life and production and way of thinking.

 

Smart cities make full use of new technologies and the inspiration they bring to transform and improve systems, operations and services, making them more intelligent than traditional cities. Smart cities are composed of several components such as “data collection, storage, and analysis”, with the goal of generating insights from massive amounts of data. The concept of smart city covers almost all areas of society and life, such as smart environment, smart economy, smart life, smart information, smart circulation and smart government.

 

So, what kind of role does the recently hot artificial intelligence play in the construction of smart cities? Let’s take a look at the following, in the construction of smart cities, artificial intelligence in the field of transportation, logistics, medical, security applications.

 

AI + transportation

 

smart city

At present, the global scope, major cities have been competing to develop smart cities has become the trend, and in this field, intelligent transportation performance is the hottest.

 

With the continuous acceleration of urban and rural integration construction process, road traffic congestion has always brought a lot of inconvenience to people’s daily travel, although in recent years the country has introduced many programs to deal with this problem, but according to a large number of research data analysis can be seen, the above work has not been able to achieve the desired results, traffic congestion problem has not been effectively resolved, and in recent years, with the continuous development of artificial intelligence technology In recent years, with the continuous development and wide application of artificial intelligence technology, the emergence of intelligent transportation has effectively solved the above problems to a certain extent, that is, people can use certain artificial intelligence systems to make rapid judgments on each road section, so as to select the best and most smooth road section, avoiding the aggravation of road congestion at the same time, laying a solid foundation for the sustainable development of urban roads. In addition to the combination of urban roads and artificial intelligence technology, from a certain point of view also significantly improve the overall competitiveness of the city, on the basis of promoting urban progress and development, but also to create good conditions for the overall international competitiveness, and ultimately for the expected business benefits to create good conditions.

 

We often say that traffic is a city’s “capillaries”, it is like the capillaries of the human body, connecting the arteries and veins, branching and anastomosing each other into a network, maintaining the normal operation of urban traffic. However, with crowded people, tight traffic, and countless people and material transfers, the mega-city is essentially a flow of countless data, but these data lack command and thought, and each flows according to its own will. Many congestions and accidents are brewed on this basis. Therefore, AI becomes especially important in building smart cities, intelligent transportation.

 

With advanced technologies and concepts such as mobile Internet, cloud computing, big data and Internet of Things, the traditional transportation industry and the Internet are effectively penetrated and integrated to form a new industry and a new model with “rational allocation of resources online and efficient and high-quality operation offline”, and the use of satellite positioning, mobile communication, high-performance computing, geographic information systems and other technologies to realize the city, the city, the city and the city. It also makes use of satellite positioning, mobile communication, high-performance computing, geographic information system and other technologies to realize real-time perception of the status of urban and intercity road traffic systems and provide accurate and comprehensive traffic road conditions to people through cell phone navigation, roadside electronic bulletin boards and traffic radio. On this basis, the real-time sensing and analysis technology of driving behavior is integrated to realize multi-mode and multi-standard dynamic navigation for public travel and improve travel efficiency.

 

The so-called city data brain, in short, is the use of artificial intelligence technology to form a data-driven urban decision-making mechanism that regulates the deployment of public resources based on real-time data. In the eyes of public opinion and the average city dweller, artificial intelligence may seem to be high up on the ladder, existing more in laboratories and expensive corporate services. However, we’re all wrong. Artificial intelligence is all around us, and it may be helping you direct traffic right now.

 

AI+Logistics

 

With the widespread use of artificial intelligence, hardware robots are gradually being used as AI landing products in logistics warehousing and loading and unloading, and these robots have the ability to sense, judge and solve certain problems in logistics on their own.

 

The sorting center uses robots to sort goods according to output requirements, and then enters the logistics distribution service. In the distribution process, drones and robots are introduced one after another. The distribution robots perform 360-degree environment and road condition monitoring through a laser sensing system consisting of radar plus sensors. Using images to identify traffic light signals and make corresponding decisions, when it is about to reach the destination, the robot backend system sends the pickup information to the user, who picks up the goods in three ways, such as through face recognition, entering the pickup code and clicking the cell phone APP link. The distribution robot solves the logistics of the city, while the drones are currently expanding mainly in the mountainous and remote rural markets

 

AI + logistics, not only can improve the efficiency of logistics, but also can bring better service experience for users. For example, Alibaba’s Cainiao network, developed the Peidong robot small G, help solve the last mile delivery problem; Jingdong launched a drone, unmanned warehouse, etc., not only changed the logistics industry traditional delivery method, but also greatly improve the efficiency of logistics. AI’s explosion, brought us infinite imagination, the future, delivery to you may be a robot.

 

AI+Medical

 

In the context of the current urbanization, industrialization construction process accelerating industrial era, the integration of artificial intelligence technology into the medical field, to a certain extent to improve the level of medical care, but also to effectively protect people’s lives and property safety, specifically in the intelligent medical system, medical and health care industry institutions can obtain all relevant information about the patient through the intelligent system platform, in order to provide reference for later treatment and rescue At the same time, it also lays a solid foundation for the sustainable development of the enterprise. In addition, in order to avoid direct contact with certain patients and isolate the spread of viruses, healthcare industry institutions can also diagnose, visit and treat patients remotely with the help of a full range of intelligent medical systems, in addition to the construction of modern healthcare industry institutions, artificial intelligence technology is extremely common in the application of intelligent alarm devices, that is, by installing a bell in each bed, the main control area is located on each floor The main control area is located on each floor of the medical room, when the patient has a need or a sudden emergency can call the doctor by ringing the bell to avoid further deterioration of the situation, laying a solid foundation for the sustainable development of the medical industry.

 

AI+ Security

 

With the continuous development and widespread use of Internet technology, monitoring systems since the nineteen eighties, so far has made leaps and bounds, is widely used in various areas of urban life, but in the face of the more cumbersome information data, how to effectively improve the utilization of monitoring has become the core direction of the current construction and development of smart cities, the application of artificial intelligence technology, to a certain extent To a certain extent, the application of artificial intelligence technology to effectively solve the above problems, specifically the intelligent technology in the fingerprint and face recognition function, can help public security departments or other business institutions, in the many surveillance video quickly find useful clues to improve the detection rate, while laying a solid foundation for the harmonious development of society, in addition to artificial intelligence security monitoring system is also widely used in the safe, security doors and other and the general public Life is closely related to the grass-roots areas, in increasing information security, to protect people’s practical interests play an important role.

 

The maturity of AI technology has made it possible for artificial intelligence to automatically digest massive amounts of surveillance video data. At present, artificial intelligence has gradually penetrated into the security industry, it is known that the security system produces a large amount of audio and video data are unable to quickly find, can not be calculated statistically unstructured data, these data to turn into structured data, the need is intelligent processing.

 

Every day, tens of thousands of data are generated in various cities, and from these data, artificial intelligence to do is to convert these videos into meaningful intelligence. In terms of image recognition technology applied to security, vehicle recognition technology has matured, since last year, vehicle big data products have been launched by many manufacturers, the future will also become more and more popular. But there is still a lot of room for improvement. But face recognition is still very elementary, today the vast majority of ordinary security surveillance cameras simply can not meet the conditions of face recognition resolution.

 

Although the application of artificial intelligence in the field of security is not very mature, but as the construction of smart cities continue to deepen, the important role played by intelligent security will become increasingly prominent, and the emergence of security products and services will gradually gain popularity.

 

In short, in the current artificial intelligence technology continues to develop and widely used in the context of the information technology industry, “smart city” as the future development trend of the city, in order to facilitate people’s daily lives and improve the efficiency of business production, but also fundamentally lead people into a new era of information technology, to society, the country’s overall development has brought about sweeping changes.

TAG: Smart City

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