On the basis of intelligent transportation (ITS), intelligent transportation makes full use of Internet of things, cloud computing, Internet, artificial intelligence, automatic control, mobile Internet and other technologies in the transportation field to collect traffic information through high and new technologies, so as to improve traffic management, transportation Control and support all aspects of the transportation field such as public travel and the whole process of transportation construction management, so that the transportation system can have the ability of perception, interconnection, analysis, prediction and control in the region, city or even larger space-time range, so as to fully ensure traffic safety, give full play to the efficiency of transportation infrastructure, and improve the operation efficiency and management level of the transportation system, Serve smooth public travel and sustainable economic development.
The intelligent transportation system is guided by the national intelligent transportation system framework to build an intelligent transportation and transportation system of “high efficiency, safety, environmental protection, comfort and civilization”; Greatly improve the management level and operation efficiency of urban transportation system, and provide travelers with all-round transportation information services and convenient, efficient, fast, economic, safe, human and intelligent transportation services; Improve timely, accurate, comprehensive and sufficient information support and information decision support for traffic management departments and relevant enterprises.
Smart transportation is a new large-scale transportation development model with smart road network, smart travel, smart equipment, smart logistics and smart management as important contents and highly integrated information technology and comprehensive utilization of information resources as main features. And a large number of data processing technologies such as data model, data mining, communication transmission technology and data processing technology are used to effectively integrate, so as to realize the systematicness, real-time, interactive information exchange and universality of services of intelligent transportation.
Intelligent transportation usually includes: intelligent transportation infrastructure, intelligent transportation travel, intelligent traffic dispatching and command, intelligent road traffic management, intelligent port and shipping management and intelligent road administration management.
From another dimension, intelligent transportation can be divided into several systems: channel system, equipment system, travel service system, operation supervision system, operation market system, traffic command center, traffic hub system and traffic planning and research system.
At the core, intelligent transportation is the comprehensive intelligent management of roads, rivers, vehicles, ships, personnel and operating enterprises.